World organization to predict, prevent, stop, and punish genocide and other forms of mass murder,Genocide Watch recently issued alert for Indian occupied Kashmir.
Applying Prof. Barbara Harff’s risk factors for genocide, the following are early warnings of massacres in Kashmir:
Prior genocidal massacres and continuing impunity for such killings.
2. Continued armed conflict between India and Pakistan over border areas in Kashmir.
3. An exclusionary ideology of “Hindutva” – India as Hindu nation – by Modi’s ruling BJP.
4. Authoritarian military rule without legal restraints imposed by civilian Indian officials.
5. Rule by a minority military force (Hindus and Sikhs) over majority Muslim citizens.
6. Cut-off of communications and outside access by internet, media, and trade.
7. Widespread violations of basic human rights – torture, rape, 2-year detentions without charge, arbitrary arrests and deportations of Muslim political and human rights leaders.
Genocide Watch’s Ten Stages of the genocidal process are also far advanced:
1. Classification: Hindu and Sikh Indian Army “us” vs. Kashmiri Muslim civilian “them.
2. Symbolization: Muslims have Muslim names (on ID cards), Kashmiri language, dress, mosques.
3. Discrimination: Hindu pandits were economically dominant until 1990; BJP reasserted Hindu power.
4. Dehumanization: Muslims are called “terrorists”, “separatists,” “criminals,” “insurgents.”
5. Organization: 600,000 heavily armed Indian Army troops and police dominate Kashmir.
6. Polarization: Modi and the BJP incite anti-Muslim hatred; social media spread falsehoods.
7. Preparation: The Indian Army occupies Kashmir; BJP leaders speak of the “Final Solution” for Kashmir.
8. Persecution: Kashmiri Muslims are locked down, subject to arrest, torture, rape, and murder.
9: Extermination: Genocidal massacres occurred during Partition; since 1990, there have been at least 25 massacres with death tolls over 25: 10 of Muslims by Indian troops; 15 of Hindus by Muslim militants.
10. Denial: Modi and BJP say their goals are to “bring prosperity” and “end terrorism”; they deny any massacres. No Indian Army troops or police are ever tried for torture, rape or murder. Modi’s takeover is popular in India.
The Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society said that by 2016, there were over 70,000 killings, most by Indian forces.While The Commission reported over 8000 disappearances. Amnesty International reports that disappearances, torture and rape by Indian Army units against Kashmiri Muslims are common.
Genocide Watch calls upon the United Nations and its members to warn India not to commit genocide in Kashmir.
On August 5, 2019, the President of India revoked the Special Autonomous Status of India Administered Jammu and Kashmir under Articles 370 and 35A of the Constitution of India. India has over 600,000 troops in Kashmir.
Movement of people and freedom of the press are restricted. India has cut off internet communications.